In general the navy is considered to be an effective geopolitical tool that allows the state to defend its interests far beyond its own borders in various parts of the world. That is of common knowledge, but could you answer the question “When is National Navy Day in 2017?” immediately or, perhaps, would you like to have some additional time for thinking about?
Unfortunately, contemporary men and women, even those who are really of their country army, are not able to reply. And that is the main reason, why we have decided to discover this matter in details.
Of course, we understand that it is almost impossible to answer the question “What is the date of Navy Day 2017?” without paying attention to the historical background of this special occasion. You see, in order to realize all the importance of the October 27th celebration.
Unfortunately, it has been almost impossible to find out much information about the establishers of this notable date.
From the very beginning we have to admit that this day was suggested not occasionally. The matter is that this day, but in distant 1897, the greatest and the most honorable supporter of this military sector was born. The name of that man was T. Roosevelt.
The mass celebration of this special occasion was started in 1945. Since that very moment, on October 27th the fleet has visited the New York Harbor every year. And now in the historical museums of the USA you can see the old pictures of the numerous ships that are being docked along the Hudson River waiting for celebration.
Officially the Navy day was adopted in 1949.
We should also mention that the American navy is relatively young. Its history began just over two hundred years ago. In 1775, the Continental Congress decided to detach two small sailing ships to intercept British transports that supplied British troops on the American continent.
However, during the three years of the war, the Americans created a small fleet, whose main task was to work on the British communications.
At the end of the 18th century, Algerian pirates attacked American merchant ships. In order to solve this problem Congress passed a law on the creation of the Navy (Naval Act). This happened in 1794. Three years later, three frigates were launched into the water, and in 1798 a separate ministry appeared, which dealt with the affairs of the fleet.
In the following years, the young American fleet participated in several small campaigns, defended merchant ships from pirates, fought with the British and caught slavers. The US Navy participated in the war with Mexico. They ensured the landing of the US Army in enemy territory.
What does Navy Day mean? – Frankly speaking, it is up to you to decide whether to celebrate this holiday or to forget about it completely. You see, a great amount of people don’t even know about its existence.
However, we should tell that today, the United States has the most powerful scientific and technical potential on the planet, which also works for the Navy. The government of the country finances dozens of programs aimed at increasing the combat capabilities and security of the Navy. Every year new ships are descended on the water, the fleet is equipped with the most modern types of weapons and military equipment.
Historically, after the end of the Cold War, the US fleet underwent a certain reduction, but at the beginning of this century it again began to increase in quantity and quality.
Trying to find the answer to the question “When is International Navy Day 2017?”, we can’t but mention the following facts. American admiral Alfred Mahan wrote in his book called “The Influence of Navy on History”, that naval forces affected politics already by the fact of their existence.
The matter is that in the XIX century, the border of the British Empire was determined by the side of its warships. Up to the present moment the main navy of the United States has become the main hegemon of the World Ocean. This situation is still preserved, most likely, that nothing will change in the coming decades.
Currently, the United States has the most numerous naval fleet on the planet. The US Navy includes the largest number of aircraft carriers, the Americans have the most powerful submarine fleet and aviation, their naval bases are scattered all over the world.
No country on the planet can compare with the US in terms of funding for its naval forces. This is the main basis of this unprecedented strength and power. Other states simply can not afford a tenth of such costs.
The navy and strategic forces are the basis of America’s power, with the help of aircraft carriers it solves its geopolitical issues around the world and, without embarrassment, uses the Navy in colonial conflicts.
When is Navy Day in 2017, calendar is always ready to remind you. However, do you know for sure how to celebrate October 27th properly?
Unfortunately, up to the present moment there have been no any special customs and rules for its spending. But, of course, it is not a problem for those contemporary men and women, who are going to keep it properly.
This day some people prefer to visit the local museums, devoted to the navy direction. There you will be able to see the specialized exhibitions and visit lectures. By the way, these excursions can be interesting both for children and for adults.
If you don’t have any desire or possibility to go out, just watch the movie or read a book about the navy. Involve into this activity all your family or friend and you will definitely have a pleasant evening.
International Navy Day Facts
In the attempts to get the proper reply, what day Navy Day in 2017 is, people want to find out any additional information about this matter.
It would be rather interesting to know that in the Civil War, which lasted from 1861 to 1865, most of the American fleet joined the northerners, which largely predetermined their further victory. Battle ships of the North carried out blockade of southern ports. In this conflict the armored steam ships were participated for the first time. They were called «monitors». In 1862, the first battle took place between similar armored ships.
After the end of the Civil War, the fleet again fell into decay. The situation began to change only in the 90’s. The US rapidly increased its economic power and became the strongest state in the western hemisphere. In order to promote their interests, they needed an effective tool — a powerful military fleet.
In 1898, Americans defeated the Spanish from the Philippines, and at the beginning of the 20th century an ambitious program for the construction of new warships was adopted. In 1917, the US Navy entered the First World War. In addition to participating in the battles, it ensured the delivery of American troops to Europe.
At this time, the method of conducting military operations at sea began to change rapidly: submarines and aviation appeared, torpedo weapons were improved, and the first aircraft carriers were laid. Powerful battleships gradually faded into the past, their place was occupied by cruisers and destroyers.
World War II for the United States began with an attack by the Japanese at the base in Pearl Harbor, where all the ships of the Pacific Fleet were destroyed, but the aircraft carriers managed to survive. In this conflict, the US Navy had to fight immediately in two theaters of operations.