Holocaust is one of the most tragical page in the history of Mankind. We’re talking about the mass destruction of Jews during the Second World War. Representatives of the people were systematically persecuted and then killed on the territory of Germany, its allies, and occupied countries.
The Holocaust is recognized today as genocide and crimes against humanity. It`s why in 2005 by the decision of the UN General Assembly established the international day of remembrance of the victims of the Holocaust. The initiators of this event became the state of Israel, USA and Canada, Australia, Ukraine, Russia. Also 90 countries joined them.
When does the Holocaust Remembrance Day commemorate in 2017?
According to the resolution № 60/7 the international day of remembrance was recognized on January 27. The date was timed to the liberation of the Auschwitz concentration camp by Soviet troops. It happened in 1945, then about the crime of the Nazis against a whole nation started to speak out loud.
In countries whose citizens suffered most from the terror on an ethnic basis, commemorate their own Day of remembrance of the victims of the Holocaust.
- In Hungary it commemorates on 16 April. On this day in 1944 all the Jews of the country began to violently move into the ghetto.
- In Latvia Day of memory of victims of genocide commemorates the 4th of July. On that day in 1941 all the Riga synagogue burned. In addition to the destruction of religious buildings, the Nazis killed thousands of Jews.
- Romania commemorates National Day of Commemorating the Holocaust on 9 October. On that day in 1941 began the forcible deportation of Jews and Gypsies in concentration camps built on the territory of Transnistria.
- In Germany, the day of memory of victims of the Holocaust is commemorated on January 27. In addition to the Jews, it is dedicated to the Gypsies, homosexuals, Freemasons, disabled people, people with mental illness, which ruthlessly were destroyed by the Nazis, carrying out a special program.
The day of remembrance of the Holocaust in Israel
Special attention deserves the story of the Shoah or Holocaust Day in Israel. Here it isn’t associated with the day of the uprising, the organized Jews of the Warsaw ghetto. It’s happened on 27 Nisan – the first month biblical and seventh of the civil year of the Jews. In accordance with the Gregorian calendar, this date can vary from 7 April – 7 may.
Which day does the Holocaust Remembrance Day commemorate in 2017? In 2017, the Memorial Day falls on April 23. Clarification: if 27 Nisan falls on a Saturday, the Memorial Day shifts on the 26 or 28 of the month of Nisan.
Date 27 Nisan was proposed by the first Prime Minister of Israel – David Ben Gurion. At the time it caused a lot of controversy in the society of a young country. But in 1951, the Knesset approved it as the key date of Memory of victims of Nazism who died during the Second World War. When is Holocaust Remembrance Day in 2017 in calendar? In 2017 the Day of remembrance will be celebrated on Sunday. The day of Memory began to commemorate recently, unlike Passover or Purim. Therefore, the traditions are forming now.
In the synagogues of the country in a Day of Mourning there are a special mourning services. At the time they lit 6 candles. It is a memory about 6 million people killed in Europe during the Holocaust. The service ends with a reading of a special memorial prayer – iscor.
State-level major place of memorable actions is the Yad Vashem (Memorial centre of the Holocaust in Jerusalem).
The complex is located on the Western slope of mount Herzl in Jerusalem. It is divided into 14 thematic parts, which include a Museum, a giant memorial Hall, railway cars for transporting people, the Avenue of the righteous, the Area of Jan Korczak and the Warsaw ghetto, the Children’s memorial, the study of the Shoah (Catastrophe) and others. You can visit the museum for free. In a year there are about a million people, but most of them come here is 27 Nisan.
In addition, at 10 am across the country starts to sound the siren, reminiscent about innocent killed people. At this time, all the inhabitants of the country stop, freeze and don`t make any movement until the siren sounds. Orthodox Jews, who believe, that in Judaism there is no such a symbol, like the siren, in that day fast and pray for the souls of people tortured and killed.
How does the world commemorate Shoah?
What date does of the Holocaust Remembrance Day commemorate in 2017 in a global scale? In all the countries, where the genocide occurred or in which the descendants relatives of people live. The victims of the Holocaust, 27 January take part in themed conferences and forums dedicated to the «Jewish question». The main purpose of such measures is to prevent the repetition of such phenomena in the future.