Independence Day of the Vatican City State

Celebrates its own every year on February 11 independence of the Vatican city-statebecause it was on this day in 1929 that the Vatican gained independence from Italy.

The Vatican is an enclave in the western part of Rome, the city is officially declared the smallest independent state in the world (the area is only 0.44 km²). In essence, the state is the residence of the Pope, the head of the Catholic Church. This post is currently held by Francis I, the 266th Pope. According to the form of government, the Vatican is an absolute theocratic monarchy.

Even in ancient times Vatican was considered a holy place, because it was there, according to legend, that St. Peter was crucified. The city-state is famous for its buildings (St. Peter’s Basilica, St. John’s Basilica, Sistine Chapel, etc.) and painting (in particular, Michelangelo’s frescoes).


Independence Day of the Vatican City State
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