When is National AG Day in 2018? – Do you know the answer to this question? As a rule, people reply negatively, however, almost 65% of the harvest area in the United States is occupied by grain and leguminous crops. The harvest of feed grain is 4 times more than wheat. The main feed culture is corn, which occupies 30 million hectares. The average yield of corn in recent years has increased and reached 55 c / ha, while the average yield of wheat is about 20 c / ha. And these are the reason, why we are going to tell you about this matter in details.
Of course, the discovering of the question like “When is International AG Day 2018?” would be rather stupid without the investigation of the historical background of the event in general.
All in all this direction of the American economy has a long and rather exciting past. As you know the United States is a country of a resettlement type. This is the main reason, why the agrarian relations that had accumulated in the greater part of the state were mostly free of feudal remnants. The land could be bought without much difficulty and at a relatively low price from the government. Moreover, at the very beginning, many people just went far from the already inhabited places, laid the farms there and began to cultivate the land without asking anyone, according to the right of the first settlers (in the US they were called squatters )
In 1862, the US Congress passed a law, in accordance with which practically everyone could cheaply get land on a virgin land. Most territories were mastered by such “homeworkers”.
At those times the main types of farms were small and medium-sized. They produced everything they could sell.
Significant part of the market was represented by Western Europe, where industry grew rapidly. In the second half of the 19th century the demand for agricultural products was growing really fast.
The construction of railways contributed much to the improvement of the merchantability of the economy, the expansion of the geographical division of labor and its area specialization. The abundance of land led to the fact that both agriculture and cattle breeding in the United States were largely extant, when the farmer was processing a large area, but the yield of 1 hectare was comparatively low.
The only major area in the United States where the development in agriculture was in difficulty was the South, where, during the colonial period, a plantation system of the economy, based on the slave labor of the Negroes, developed. The war between the North and the South led to the legal liberation of the slaves, but the land remained in the hands of the planters. As a result, former slaves turned into poor beggar tenants, who depended entirely on landowners.
What does National AG Day mean? – This is the question, which may be asked by the great amount of our constant readers. However, to tell you the truth, we are not sure that we are able to answer it instead of you. Why? – You see, frankly speaking, it is up to you to decide, whether to celebrate this special occasion in your own circle, or it can be quite forgotten. As you probably understand among the representatives of the contemporary society there are a lot of those, who know nothing about this sphere. It is true. But the fact that you consume fruits and vegetables every day may be a perfect reason for being involved.
All in all nowadays for US agriculture, the high and increasing rate of development of capitalist relations is typical. The sharply expressed commodity character of production, high productivity of labor and very strong regional specialization are also quite common. All the features mentioned above are connected with favorable natural conditions and steps of socio-historical development.
The eastern half of the country is mostly flat, and in the western part there are many valleys and plateaus, where the surface character does not prevent them from being plowed or used as pastures. USA is located in moderate and subtropical zones. The climate here, with the exception of high-altitude and especially arid areas, is quite suitable for farming.
The enormous variety of combinations of heat and moisture in vast territory allows growing a very wide range of crops from wheat, corn and cranberries to cotton, citrus and sugar cane, and for each crop you can find areas with particularly favorable conditions.
It is indicative that, for the needs of agriculture, to some extent, almost 80% of the territory of 48 “adjacent states” of the United States is used.
Discovering the matter concerning the theme what day World AG Day in 2018 is, we can’t but mention that by size of agricultural production the USA exceeds other countries. American agriculture not only provides the US population with basic food and raw materials, with the exception of some tropical crop (such as coffee, cocoa, bananas), but also produces large export surpluses.
On the export of agricultural products, the United States is on the first place in the world, giving over 15% of its (in value). Particularly large is their partition in world trade of the most important food and feed crops, for example, wheat, corn, soybeans, and fruits.
Export of agricultural products from the USA several times exceeds their import. At the same time, the share of agriculture in GNP of the country is small and gradually decreases; at the moment it does not amount to 3%.
However, in this sphere less than 4% of economically active population is employed. However, these figures do not give a complete and objective notion about the meaning of US agriculture for both the country itself and for the whole world.
When is AG Day in 2018, calendar will surely remind you. But you have to keep in mind that the date is not fixable. This year it is celebrated on March 20th, but the next one it will be different.
Of course, there are no any official occasions devoted to this event. But you can find some time and to congratulate all the people, who are involved. You can even give them some small presents or organize a party. It is up to you to decide.
Some people prefer to visit the local museums in order to get some new pieces of information about this part of American economy.
International AG Day Facts
The question like “What is the date of National AG Day 2018?” needs the detailed representation of some facts. So we would like to explain you as much as possible.
You see, up to the present moment for US agriculture, there is a certain predominance of animal husbandry, which accounts for more than 55% of all commodity production, over agriculture. However, the relation between these branches in different parts of the country is not the same. The role of livestock breeding is especially high in the Northeast and in the Lakes States, which specializes in the production of dairy products, in the so called corn belt – in the Midwest, south and south-east of the Great Lakes, where fattening cattle and pigs is produced , and in a number of mountain states where pastureland is grown young.
Agriculture in these areas is mainly focused on the production of forages. Hayfields and improved pastures, which occupy more than 75% of farmland, play a very important role in the milk belt. The cool climate and infertile soils make the cultivation of cereals unprofitable here, while grass yields highly. At the same time, in California and in many southern states, agriculture predominantly dominates in the production of valuable technical and food crops: cotton, tobacco, fruits, citrus, vegetables, sugar cane, etc.
More than 75% of the total corn harvest is given by states of the corn belt of Iowa, Illinois, Indiana and adjacent to them. In this belt with its extremely fertile soils and warm humid climates, corn has been the most productive and profitable of grain crops. All in all the conditions of this belt are most suitable for wheat, but corn displaced it from here to the west, into more arid areas of the Great Plains. Corn is grown in a crop rotation with soya, oats and alfalfa. Most of its collection is consumed in place for fattening cattle and pigs, and partly processed in mixed fodder, the main consumer of which were poultry farms in the south-eastern states. In arid areas, the place of corn is sorghum, which also goes to feed cattle.