World Pineapple Day

What kind of holiday is this?

Every year at the beginning of spring, a delicious sweet holiday is celebrated by all connoisseurs of the exotic tropical fruit – pineapple. The holiday has an interesting name – World Pineapple Day and falls on March 12.

How did the idea of ​​celebrating World Pineapple Day come about?

The idea of ​​creation World Pineapple Day belongs to specialist breeders engaged in breeding new varieties of fruit. They decided to celebrate this day in 1970 on the occasion of the invention of a new variety called “Den Monte Cold”. This extra-sweet variety differs from others in its unusual taste and exquisite golden pulp, and it contains several times more vitamin C than in ordinary pineapples.

For the first time, Pineapple Day was celebrated in Hawaii – the homeland of these sweet fruits. They began to be imported to Europe in the 15th century, immediately after the first expedition of Columbus. And a hundred years later, they learned to grow them in India.

Pineapple species that correspond to modern ones grew in natural conditions on the banks of the Parana River (the territory of modern Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina) thousands of years ago. Local tribes realized that the juicy, sweet fruits tasted great and began to grow them throughout South America.

Pineapple journey to Europe

Europeans tasted this miracle fruit in 1493, when Christopher Columbus collected pineapples on one of the islands he discovered. After some time, the fruits began to be grown on plantations in India and African colonies. It is known that the name of the tropical fruit “pineapple” means “wonderful fruit” in the language of one South American tribe. In 1555, the word “comosus”, i.e. “crested”, was added to the main name, which meant a type of pineapple with high taste qualities.

In European countries, these fruits quickly found their connoisseurs. There was only one problem – delivery. It was expensive and time-consuming, during the trip half of the fruits had to be thrown away because they spoiled.

In 1658, Europeans grew their first pineapple, and later, 60 years later, in Chelsea (Great Britain) they built a large greenhouse for growing these exotic fruits. Pineapples literally came into fashion, they decorated not only the tables of royal persons, but also their portraits. Yes, there is even a picture of the English King Charles II with a pineapple. And in the first half of the 18th century, the French monarchs began to receive pineapples from their own greenhouse, built directly in Versailles.

Despite the fact that fruits began to be grown in Europe, they did not become cheaper and more accessible. It took at least 2 years to grow them, and maintaining the greenhouse itself was unreasonably expensive. For this reason, pineapples have always been the personification of luxury and great wealth.

Industrial cultivation of pineapples

Growing pineapples in their natural zone turned out to be the best. At the end of the 19th century, huge pineapple plantations began to appear in Hawaii. Later, the fruit began to be grown in African, South American and some Asian countries. Producers not only delivered fresh fruits, but also began to preserve them.

World Pineapple Day in history

  • 1493
    Christopher Columbus discovered the taste of a new exotic fruit in Europe.
  • 1555
    Ananas comosus – the word “comosus”, i.e. “crested”, was added to the main name “Ananas”, which meant a type of pineapple with high taste qualities.
  • 1658
    Pineapple was grown for the first time in Europe.
  • 1718
    In Chelsea (Great Britain) a large greenhouse was built to grow these exotic fruits.
  • 19th century
    Commercial cultivation of pineapples in their natural zone begins to develop – huge pineapple plantations began to appear in Hawaii.
  • 1970
    On the occasion of the invention of a new variety of pineapple called “Den Monte Cold”, specialist breeders proposed to celebrate this day by introducing a new holiday – Pineapple Day.

Interesting facts about pineapples

  • In the 18th century, a greenhouse was built in the possessions of the Earl of Dunmore, where pineapples were grown for the English nobility. A feature of the greenhouse was a large 14-meter stone dome made in the form of a cone-shaped fruit.
  • In tropical countries, fruits grow all year round. However, summer crops are always sweeter and juicier, they are used to create desserts. Fruits grown in winter are also eaten, but vegetable side dishes are prepared from them.
  • Immature fruits quickly ripen during storage at a temperature of +10C. And at a lower temperature, pineapple loses its unique aroma.
  • In Mexico, the skin of the fruit is not thrown away, but is used to make tepache, a delicious refreshing drink. To do this, the skin is poured with sugar syrup and kept for up to 3 days.
  • In the 19th century, there was a real boom in the cultivation of pineapples on the territory of Ukraine, which at that time was part of the Russian Empire. The scale of cultivation of these fruits has reached industrial scale. Thus, up to 50 tons of pineapples were exported from Ukraine to Europe annually.
  • A translucent and shiny fabric (painu) is made from hard pineapple leaves, which, despite its apparent lightness, is very strong. At first, the fabric was made by hand and used to protect against the scorching sun. Such material cost a lot of money. In 1850, planters from the Philippines gave Prince Albert and Queen Victoria expensive dresses made of “pineapple cloth”. Today, fabric from pineapple leaves is made on special machines, and expensive underwear and shirts are sewn with it.

How to celebrate World Pineapple Day?

Fortunately, this holiday is available to everyone today. The best celebration is to taste this delicious fruit. And you can do it in different ways: eat it fresh, make a salad, make a dessert from canned rings, etc.

You can also bake cake “Pineapple Miracle”. For this you will need:

  1. For the 1st cake:

    Flour (1 cup), egg (1 pc), egg yolks (7 pcs), sugar (4 tbsp), baking powder (1 tsp), vinegar (1 tsp) .

  2. For the 2nd crust:

    Flour (1 cup), egg whites (7 pcs.), sugar (1 cup), potato starch (3 tbsp.), baking powder (1 tsp.), vinegar (2 tbsp. ).

  3. For the 3rd cake:

    Flour (1 glass), fruit jelly (1 pack), eggs (3 pcs), baking powder (1 tsp), sugar (1 tbsp).

  4. Preparation of cakes

    During cooking, the ingredients for each cake are mixed separately (proteins are whipped to stiff peaks).

  5. For the cream:

    Canned pineapples (1 can), sugar (4 tablespoons), vanilla pudding (1 pack), butter (400 g).
    For the cream, pineapple juice from a can is mixed with drinking water up to 0.5 l. The resulting liquid is divided into 2 glasses. Add 4 spoons of sugar to the first glass, bring the syrup to a boil. Vanilla pudding is added to the second glass of pineapple water, poured into the boiled juice and brought to a boil together. The butter is whipped and mixed with the cooled mass. Brush the finished and cooled cakes with cream and put pieces of pineapple on top.

When will we celebrate World Pineapple Day?

Year Date Weekday
2021 March 12 Friday
2022 March 12 Saturday
2023 March 12 Sunday
2024 March 12 Tuesday
2025 March 12 Wednesday

World Pineapple Day


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